Most of the breast lumps in women are caused by fibrosis or cysts. These are benign or non-cancerous changes that happen in the breast. It can affect the majority of women at some time in their lives. These conditions are most common in women between the ages of 25-40 years. But can affect women of any age. In fact, fibrosis and cysts can affect one breast or both breasts at the same time – and found in different parts of the breast. This article provides information on what really is fibrosis and cysts in the breast.
Fibrosis is a condition where you find a large amount of fibrous tissue concentrated in one region. Fibrous tissues are the same tissues that make ligaments and scars. The areas where fibrous tissue concentrate may feel firm or rubbery when touched. On the other hand, a cyst is a lump in the breast that moves when touched. They are tender to touch and fluid-filled most of the time. Cysts can be round or oval in shape. Although the condition can affect women of any age, they are more common in women in their 40s. Monthly hormone changes in the body cause these cysts to get bigger and painful. They are more noticeable just before a woman’s menstrual period.
Cyst forms when fluid fills inside the glands of the breast. They are categorized as Microcysts (too small to feel) and Macrocysts (large ones). Microcysts are found only when the tissue is observed under a microscope. On the other hand, macrocysts can be easily felt and could be as large as one to two inches.
Most of the time, these conditions are diagnosed based on their symptoms such as swelling, lumps, or tenderness on the breasts. You may also notice a clear or slightly cloudy nipple discharge at times. The symptoms tend to worsen just before the menstrual period begins. Fortunately, these conditions don’t increase one’s risk of breast cancer. But complex cysts can be a concern at times. There is a small chance that such cysts may contain cancerous cells or place the individual at risk later on. That is why you need to see a qualified healthcare provider to diagnose the condition early on.
Cysts and fibrosis lumps don’t need to be removed unless they are causing discomfort or contain cancerous cells. The fluid in the cysts can be removed with a thin hollow needle. Some doctors recommend painkillers during the menstruation period to subdue the pain of these conditions during that period.
The aforementioned article provides information on what really is fibrosis and cysts in the breast.