The creation of the birth control pill helps not only prevent pregnancy but also regulating their period. For those who are not on the pill, whether it be medical or religious reasons, they have to rely on their body to give them a warning sign when their period is coming. These warning signs or rather, these group of symptoms, we commonly refer to this as premenstrual syndrome or PMS. One of the most common symptoms of PMS is breast swelling and tenderness and in some cases, women experience what is known as fibrocystic breast disease which causes painful benign limps in their breast prior to their period. But what causes the breasts to swell and lumps to form?
Causes of Breast Pain
The main cause of breast soreness during the premenstrual cycle is a fluctuation in hormone levels. Estrogen levels around half way into your menstruation cycle begin to increase causing the breast ducts to enlarge. Then about one week before menstruation progesterone causes the milk glands to swell. This spike in progesterone coupled with the high estrogen levels is what causes your breasts to feel sore. But once menstruation begins, the hormone levels drop relieving the soreness that is experienced.
When Breast Pain Is More Than PMS
Most of the time, breast pain before your period is normal and not worrisome. However, if the breast pain is unexpected or not in line when you believe you are due for menstruation then these are symptoms to be on the lookout for:
- new or changing breast lumps
- discharge from the nipple
- severe pain that interferes with your ability to sleep
- lumps in one breast (not both)
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms then go to a doctor immediately. You might be asked to go for a mammogram or your doctor might perform a biopsy to determine whether or not the lump is benign or malignant (cancerous).
Most of the time breast pain is harmless and a good indicator of when your monthly visitor is coming.